Birding Bogotá & Colombia

Chingaza National Park


Endemics: Brown-breasted Parakeet, Green-bearded Helmetcrest, and Silvery-throated Spinetail.

Near endemics: Bronze-tailed Thornbill, Coppery-bellied Puffleg, Blue-throated Stafrontlet, Black-billed Mountain-Toucan (nigrirostris subspecies of the Eastern Andes), Pale-bellied Tapaculo, Agile Tit-Tyrant, Rufous-browed Conebill, and the ornatus subspecies of Golden-fronted Whitestart.


Andean Teal, Andean Guan, Black-chested Buzzard-Eagle, Andean Pygmy-Owl, Amethyst-throated Sunangel, Glowing Puffleg, Shining Sunbeam, Great Sapphirewing, White-bellied Woodstar, Crimson-mantled and Powerful Woodpeckers, White-chinned Thistletail, White-browed Spinetail, Many-striped Canastero (multostriata subspecies of the Eastern Andes), Undulated and Rufous Antpittas, Ash-colored and Ocellated Tapaculos, Plain-capped Ground-Tyrant, Black-collared Jay, White-capped Dipper, White-capped Tanager, Black-headed Hemispingus, Black-chested and Scarlet-bellied-Mountain Tanagers, Ochre-breasted Brush-Finch, Mountain Cacique, and Andean Siskin.

Approximate number of bird species: 227.
Height above sea level: We visit from about 2800 to 3600m (9200-11,800ft).


Chingaza National Park contains some 77,000 hectares (over 190,000 acres) of extension. It includes vast areas of high Andean forest, subparamo and páramo ecosystems. It is located east of Bogotá at a height of about 800-4020 meters (2624-13,188 feet) above sea level, and it can reached from the city of Bogotá in about one hour and a half. The high Andean forest within the park is characterized by fairly high rainfall and an abundance of mosses, lichens, ferns, bushes and trees with dense foliage.

The páramo, a wet grassland found above treeline mainly in the northern Andes, is quite extensive within the park. The vegetation within the páramo is unusual, with numerous highly distinctive plants that are adapted to the climatic extremes of this cold wet region. One of the most characteristic plant groups here are the Espeletias (called frailejones in spanish) and a terrestrial bromeliad known as puya and these plants impart a distinctive appearance to the páramo.

Hummingbirds, a few flycatchers and a variety of furnariids (for examples cinclodes, thistletails and tit-spinetails) are among the commoner birds here, as well as a variety of small finches and a few aquatic species.

The endemic Brown-breasted Parakeet, the chosen emblem of Birding Bogotá & Colombia, can also be found at lower elevations within Chingaza National park or just outside the park. In these lower elevation zones a somewhat different community of birds also occur, including Amethyst-throated Sunangel, Glowing Puffleg, Blue-capped and Blue-and-black Tanagers, Black-collared Jay, Powerfull Woodpecker, Ochre-breasted Brush-Finch, Grey-breasted Wood-Wren and Azara´s Spinetail.

At Birding Bogotá & Colombia we often combine visits to Chingaza National Park with a short side trip to the artificial wetlands of Guasca/Siecha (click here) where it is sometimes possible to see the endemic Bogotá Rail, Noble Snipe and a few other wetland species.

To visit Chingaza NP email us at

Esta entrada también está disponible en: Spanish

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