Birding Bogotá & Colombia

Guasca/Siecha Wetlands

Key species

Endemic: Bogota Rail.

Endemic subespecies: Spot-flanked Gallinule and American Coot.

Specialties: Andean Teal, Andean Duck, Noble Snipe and Band-tailed Seedeater.


Approximate number of bird species: 53.
Height above sea level: 2700m (8900ft).


The Guasca or Siecha wetlands were formed from several abandoned limestone quarries that were flooded by the Siecha River. Over time the river created several artificial wetlands which were attractive to several species of aquatic birds including the endemic to Colombia Bogota Rail. The rail is an endangered species now-restricted to a few scattered wetlands in the high plateaus of the departments of Cundinamarca and Boyacá.

Also found in the Guasca wetlands is an endemic subspecies of Spot-flanked Gallinule (bogotensis), as well as the Andean Duck (ferruginea subspecies), Andean Teal (recently split from Speckled Teal), Noble Snipe and the Colombian subspecies of American Coot (columbiana). Additionally, migratory birds from North America such as Blue-winged Teal, Wilson’s Snipe, Solitary Sandpiper and Sora can be found in this wetlands between October and March. The Southern Lapwing, a species normally resident at lower elevations is increasingly common here and Band-tailed Seedeater is frequent; less common but possible are White-tailed Kite, Black-crowned Night-Heron and Striated Heron.

At Birding Bogotá & Colombia we often combine a visit to the Guasca wetlands with a day trip to Chingaza National Park (click here) for high Andean forest and páramo birds.

To visit Guasca/Siecha wetlands email us at

Esta entrada también está disponible en: Spanish

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