Birding Bogotá & Colombia

Pedro Palo lagoon

Key species

Endemics: Black Inca (local), Indigo-capped Hummingbird and Turquoise Dacnis (rare).

Near endemics: Spectacled Parrotlet (at its upper elevational limits here), Scrub Tanager and Moustached Brush-Finch.


Gorgeted Woodstar, Moustached Puffbird, Emerald Toucanet, Ash-browed Spinetail, Rufous-naped Greenlet, Whiskered and Speckled-breasted wrens, Black-capped and Flame-faced tanagers, and Sooty Grassquit.

Approximate number of bird species: 163.


Height above sea level: 2280m (7480ft).


Pedro Palo lagoon is located about one hour and a half southwest of Bogotá by the highway leading to the municipalities of Tena and La Mesa and on to the Magdalena Valley.

In this area there still remains a small amount of primary forest dominated by oaks. The remaining woodland is secondary or regrowth, and much of the area around the lagoon is open terrain. The lagoon is protected by a network of natural reserves extending around it which combines agriculture and livestock with conservation.

Along the entrance road that leads to the lagoon small patches of forests are excellent for species such as Moustached Puffbird, Ash-browed Spinetail, Red-billed Emerald, Indigo-capped Hummingbird, Andean Guan and Moustached Brush-Finch. The much- sought Black Inca and Turquoise Dacnis also occur here but both are scarce and difficult to find.

Other birds in these patches of forest include Emerald Toucanet, Montane Foliage-gleaner and Whiskered Wren. Mixed species flocks here are likely to contain a variety of tanagers including Flame-faced, Black-capped, Fawn-breasted and Beryl-spangled. Nearer the lake the rare and now highly localized Turquoise Dacnis can sometimes be found.

A few birds can be seen on or near the lake including Pied-billed Grebe and Hook-billed Kite but it is not possible to approach closely to the lake.

At Birding Bogotá & Colombia we often combine a morning visit to Pedro Palo lagoon with a short afternoon visit to the upper end of the Chicaque Natural Park (click here) to check their hummingbird feeders for birds such as Golden-bellied Starfrontlet, Glowing Puffleg, White-bellied Woodstar and Mountain Velvetbreast.

To visit Pedro Palo Lagoon email us at

Esta entrada también está disponible en: Spanish

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